Germany’s Economy Contracted Less than Expected in 3Q

By Ed Frankl

The German economy contracted a little less than expected in the third quarter of 2023, driven by lower household consumption, and revisions to previous quarters meant the economy avoided a recession previously reported last winter.

Germany’s gross domestic product shrank 0.1% from July to September compared with the previous quarter, adjusted for price, seasonal and calendar variations, according to preliminary data from the country’s statistics office released Monday.

The reading was slightly better than the 0.2% on-quarter contraction expected by economists in a poll by The Wall Street Journal.

Meanwhile, GDP was revised up in both the first and second quarters of this year. The economy grew 0.1% in the second quarter, a rise from the zero growth under previous data, and stagnated in the first, from 0.1% contraction, meaning Germany avoided the recession previously reported.

However, the German economy continues to face a difficult path to sustained growth, driven by a sluggish manufacturing sector. The European Commission expects German GDP to shrink by 0.4% in 2023 as a whole, according to its latest forecasts published in September.

Write to Ed Frankl at edward.frankl@wsj.com

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